caverns has been in use for many years and is rich with
history. The first people to use the cave were the Comanche
Indians, who used a chamber, in the cave, as a council site.
In the 1800's Sam Bass, an outlaw, made his hideout in the
During the Civil War, the Confederate Army used the cave as a
secret place for gun powder manufacturing and storage.
The cave was also used as a dance hall and a place of worship
by a local church. Finally in the 1930's the cave was opened
The cave entrance is very
near the ticket building. A short walk down a flight of
stairs, pictured at right, and one finds themselves at the
cave entrance. The tour guide meets the group at the gate to
begin the tour.
Once inside the cave the
evidence of geological processes shows one that an
underground river once flowed through the area creating
smoothly carved limestone. Interesting enough, where other
show caves in Texas are in Cretaceous limestone, Longhorn
is in Paleozoic limestone.
This cave is filled with
walls covered with calcite crystals. Some of the crystals are
quite large and beautiful.
An unexpected treat for
me and my sister was finding two Trogloxenes. These are cave
creatures, which occasionally leave the cave. These particular
trogloxenes we viewed are called 'cave crickets'. This
creatures are in fact grasshoppers, not crickets, but
fascinating nonetheless. Cave animals have a name all to them
Another treasure of the
cave was that parts where still active. Although this cave was
primarily formed from an underground river, there are areas
that have the more typical formations expected in caves,
stalactites and stalagmites. Back in the area where the gun
powder was stored I found this drop. Evidence of the slow
process of cave formation was right within my grasp. Of course
I didn't dare touch the formation, in fear of stopping that
particular growth with oil from my fingers, but I couldn't
resist a picture. The photography was difficult because I was
not allowed to take in my tripod. All the photographs on this
page were hand-held.
Caverns State Park Official Page